What is Penetration Testing in Cyber Security

TYPES OF PENETRATION TESTING

Black Box Testing: Testers have no prior knowledge of the target system. This simulates an external attacker’s perspective.
White Box Testing: Testers have full knowledge of the target system, including internal details. This simulates an insider threat or an authorized user’s perspective.
Gray Box Testing: Testers have partial knowledge of the target system. This approach combines elements of both black box and white box testing.

PURPOSE OF PENETRATION TESTING

PROCESS OF PENETRATION TESTING

Planning: Define the scope, objectives, and rules of engagement for the penetration test.
Reconnaissance: Gather information about the target system to better understand potential vulnerabilities and attack vectors.
Enumeration: Identify and analyze system resources, such as hosts, services, and users.
Vulnerability Analysis: Search for known vulnerabilities and weaknesses in the target system or application.
Exploitation: Attempt to exploit identified vulnerabilities to gain unauthorized access or compromise the system.
Post-Exploitation: Assess the impact of successful exploits and identify further opportunities for unauthorized access.
Analysis and Reporting: Document findings, provide recommendations, and prioritize remediation steps.

BENEFITS OF PENETRATION TESTING