The International Agreement on Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions Is Known as the

The international agreement on reducing carbon dioxide emissions is known as the Paris Agreement.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty adopted by 196 parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Paris in December 2015. The agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change.

The Paris Agreement sets a framework for countries to communicate their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), which are their commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change. The NDCs are meant to be more ambitious over time as countries strive to achieve the long-term goals of the agreement.

The Paris Agreement also established a financial mechanism to support developing countries with their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Developed countries pledged to provide financial resources, technology transfer, and capacity-building support to help developing countries implement their NDCs and enhance their resilience to the impacts of climate change.

The Paris Agreement entered into force on November 4, 2016, and has been ratified by 189 parties to date. The agreement has been hailed as a historic achievement in global cooperation on climate change, but it also faces challenges, including the withdrawal of the United States under the Trump administration and the insufficient ambition of some parties` NDCs.

As the world continues to grapple with the challenge of climate change, the Paris Agreement remains a vital framework for collective action to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and mitigate the impacts of global warming.