Bern Agreement Greece Turkey

The Bern Agreement, also known as the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, is an important international treaty that aims to protect Europe’s natural environment and wildlife. The agreement was signed in 1979 in Bern, Switzerland, and has been ratified by 50 countries, including Greece and Turkey.

The Bern Agreement sets out a framework for the conservation and sustainable use of Europe’s natural heritage, including its flora and fauna, habitats, and ecosystems. It also promotes cooperation between member countries in the conservation and management of their shared natural resources.

Greece and Turkey are both important signatories to the Bern Agreement, given their rich biodiversity and unique natural landscapes. Greece, for instance, is home to over 6,000 plant species, of which 750 are endemic to the country. It also has a wide variety of animal species, including wolves, bears, and lynx. Turkey, on the other hand, boasts a diverse range of habitats, from its Mediterranean coast to its rugged mountains and vast steppes. It is also home to iconic species such as the Anatolian leopard and the Mediterranean monk seal.

Under the Bern Agreement, Greece and Turkey have committed to protecting and conserving their natural heritage, as well as promoting sustainable development and management of their natural resources. This involves a range of actions, including the establishment of protected areas, the regulation of hunting and fishing practices, and the promotion of ecotourism and sustainable agriculture.

However, the implementation of the Bern Agreement has not been without its challenges. Both Greece and Turkey have faced significant environmental threats in recent years, including habitat loss, pollution, and climate change. In addition, political tensions between the two countries have sometimes complicated their cooperation on conservation and environmental issues.

Despite these challenges, the Bern Agreement remains an important tool for promoting the conservation of Europe’s natural heritage, and Greece and Turkey have an important role to play in its implementation. By working together and taking decisive action to protect their shared natural resources, these two countries can help ensure that future generations can continue to enjoy the beauty and diversity of their unique natural landscapes.